Arctic exploration refers to the exploration of the Arctic region, which encompasses the area surrounding the North Pole and includes parts of Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and the United States (Alaska).
The history of Arctic exploration dates back to the 16th century, when European explorers began searching for a Northeast Passage to Asia. The first successful navigation of this route was accomplished by Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen in 1906.
Arctic exploration has been driven by various reasons over time, including scientific research, trade and commerce, military strategy, and adventure. Many notable explorers have ventured into the Arctic, including Fridtjof Nansen, Robert Peary, Richard E. Byrd, and Vilhjalmur Stefansson.
Today, Arctic exploration continues to be of great interest due to climate change and the potential for increased shipping, resource extraction, and tourism in the region. However, it also raises concerns about environmental impact and indigenous rights.